There are minimal penalties for being liquidated. Margin calls require gas to execute. That cost is borne by the trader if a margin call is required. Margin callers also receive an additional 10% compensation on top of that. This all comes out of trader collateralI. It is recommended that traders monitor their positions to avoid margin calls, as the gas cost of closing a position is far less than the gas cost of a margin call. However, even if this does not happen, the penalties are extremely slight.

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